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Conflict-related deaths in 1996

Date Name Age Sex Affiliation Alleged Perpetrator Location Town/Area County/Country Details Category Arrests/Prosecutions Sources
02-Jan-96 Ian Lyons 31 M Civilian IRA / DAAD Lurgan Co Armagh Killed in his car by two masked gunmen in a drugs-related shooting as he sat with his girlfriend outside her home. Mr Lyons' family denied he had any drug involvement, and the RUC said he was known to them in only general terms.[1] However the DAAD claim Mr Lyons was earning up to £3000 a week from drugs [2] This was the first DAAD murder to occur outside Belfast [3] Drugs-related killing   [1] Lost Lives, no. 3531 [2] 'Drugs terror group denies link with IRA by Brendan Anderson, Irish News, 08 January 1996 [3] www.uhb.fr/languages/cei/chron96.htm
31-Jan-96 Gino Gallagher 32 M INLA INLA West Belfast Co Antrim Mr Gallagher had previously shot dead 3 loyalists in 1994, and at the time of his murder was chief of INLA [1]Shot four times in the back of the head as he signed on at the Falls Road Social Security Office[2]. This killing was part of an INLA internal feud between Gino Gallagher and Hugh Torney's factions after Hugh Torney had been ousted as chief of staff of INLA. Torney was implicated in the murder. Numerous people were shot and/or killed over the next eight months as part of this feud.[3] INLA feud Charles Kevin Begley of Belfast was accused of the murder and went on trial at Belfast Crown Court, but the charge was dropped because he pleaded guilty to a lesser charge of conspiring to murder a person or persons unknown. Mr Begley was also convicted and sentenced to 11 years for planning another murder.[3] [1] Gallagher murder 'an unbelievably clean killing', by Suzanne Breen, Irish Times, 3 February 1996 [2] 'Gunnmen kill ex-chief of staff in terror feud' by David Graves, The Telegraph, 4 September 1996
[3] GHQ faction statement says deadly feud with INLA is over, by Gerry Moriarty and Carol Coulter, Irish Times, 11 September 1996
[4] Man jailed for murder plot, Irish Times, 16 October 1997
09-Feb-96 John Jefferies 31 M Civilian IRA Docklands, London England Killed when an approximately 1,000 pound IRA bomb exploded near Canary Wharf in Docklands, London. This was the end of the IRA ceasefire, which had lasted 17 months. The IRA issued a statement and bomb warning a short time before the bomb went off, but this did not allow enough time to clear the area.[1]   Patrick McKinley (34) and James McCardle (29) were charged with conspiring to cause an explosion likely to endanger life or cause serious injury to property. Mr McCardle was also charged with murdering Inan Bashir and John Jeffries. The 34-year-old man was acquitted after the judge ruled there was insufficient evidence against him.[2] In a retrial after the first jury failed to reach a verdict, Mr McCardle was sentenced to 25 years for the conspiracy charge. The jury was not allowed to consider the murder charge because of press coverage.[3] Mr McCardle was released from the Maze prison in July 2000 as part of the Good Friday Agreement's early release scheme for paramilitary prisoners[4]. [1] Lost Lives, no. 3534
[2] Retrial in Docklands bomb case as jury fail to reach a verdict, Irish Times, 21 February 1998
[3] Voters Backing Peace, Undeterred by Blasts, by Christopher Henning, Sydney Morning Herald, 26 June 1998
[4] Symbol of a painful peace: Largest one-day exodus in 30 years sees 78 freed from Maze, by John Mullin, Guardian, 29 July 2000
09-Feb-96 Inan Ul-Haq Bashir 29 M Civilian IRA Docklands, London England Killed when an IRA bomb exploded near Canary Wharf in Docklands, London[1]. (see above)   (see above) [1] Lost Lives, no. 3533
18-Feb-96 Edward O'Brien 21 M IRA Self inflicted Aldwych, London England Killed when his own bomb exploded, assumedly prematurely, in a bus in central London. After his death, security forces found Semtex, timers, detonators, and ammunition in his London home. Five other people were injured in the explosion.[1]     [1] Lost Lives, no. 3535
04-Mar-96 John Fennell 40 M INLA INLA Bundoran, Co Donegal Republic of Ireland One of the founders of INLA, battered to death with breeze blocks at a caravan site in Bundoran after supposedly 'confessing' to Gino Gallagher's death under torture. This was done as part of the INLA feud.[1] It is unclear whether he was a member of the Irish Republican Socialist Party (the INLA's political wing) [2]companion disappeared for several days, but was found safe, his head covered and hands bound, on 8 March[3]. INLA feud A man in his 20s was questioned by Gardai, but released on 8 April 1996[3]. [1] Belfast shooting may be latest in republican faction feud, The Herald (Glasgow), 15 April 1996 [2] 'John Fennell' by Jim Fitzpatrick and Seamus McKinney, The Irish News, 08 March 1996 [3] Gardai locate man who disappeared after killing, Irish Times, 9 March 1996 [4] Man held in Fennell murder, Irish Times, 9 April 1996
15-Mar-96 Barbara McAlorum 9 F Civilian INLA North Belfast Co Antrim 9-year-old shot by a spray of gunfire as she was playing with a jigsaw puzzle in the living room of her home. The shooting was associated with the INLA internal feud, and the gunman was believed to have belonged to Gino Gallagher's faction of INLA. A 19-year-old man visiting the house, Ciaran Scott, was injured in the shooting.[1] Her father was targeted with a bomb in May 1996 while visiting his son at Maghaberry prison[2]. INLA feud A number of men were arrested and questioned in the weeks following the killing, but were released without charge[3]. [1] Tragic scene parents wanted world to see, by Colin O'Carroll, Irish News, 19 March 1996
[2] Gino men get bomb blame, by Brenda O'Neill, Irish News, 18 May 1996
[3] Lost Lives, no. 3537
21-Mar-96 Thomas (Tommy) Sheppard 41 M UVF UVF Ballymena Co Antrim Killed by three shots fired by two gunmen in a bar in Ballymena. Security sources claimed that loyalist paramilitaries were involved.[1] The Sunday Times from the week of 24 March 1996 claimed the UVF had carried out the killing because they believed Mr Sheppard was an informer[2]. Johnston Brown, a former detective, claims that police in NI cover-up 9 murders (including Sheppard's) committed by an informer (a senior UVF leader) who has been implicated in at least 8 murders over 7 years [3]   Police were questioning one man shortly after the killing.[3] [1] RUC question man in loyalist's murder, by Suzanne Breen, Irish Times, 23 March 1996 [2] Lost Lives, no. 3538 [3] RUC question man in loyalist's murder, by Suzanne Breen, Irish Times, 23 March 1996 [4] 'RUC covered up agent's murders' by Liam Clarke, The Sunday Times, 28 March 2004
25-May-96 Dessie McCleery 37 M INLA INLA Central Belfast Co Antrim Hugh Torney's deputy, who was shot in the crowded bar of a pizza restaurant in central Belfast by the INLA faction loyal to Gino Gallagher[1]. INLA feud A 30-year-old man was charged with involvement in the murder in 1996[2]. In December, 1997, he was acquitted of the murder. His girlfriend, however, was sentenced to community service for providing a false alibi for him.[3] [1] INLA rivals fight it out for power and vengeance, by Gerry Moriarty, Irish Times, 27 May 1996
[2] INLA murder judgment reserved, Irish Times, 5 December 1997
[3] Conviction for false alibi, Irish Times, 31 January 1998
07-Jun-96 Gerard (Jerry) McCabe 52 M An Garda S'och'na IRA Adare, Co Limerick Republic of Ireland Hit by three of the fourteen bullets fired during a robbery of an An Post truck carrying £100,000 in pension and social security money which he and a colleague were guarding. Some months after the attack, the IRA admitted that some of its members carried out the killing.[1]   Four men, Kevin Walsh, Pearse McAuley, Jeremiah Sheedy and Michael O'Neill, pleaded guilty to manslaughter fifteen days into the trial, 3 February 1999, and were given sentences of 11-14 years[2]. A fifth man, John Quinn, was sentenced to four years for conspiracy to rob[3]. In March 2003, the High Court rejected a Sinn Féin bid for the early release under the Belfast Agreement for two men jailed in connection with the robbery in which Mr McCabe was killed[4]. However an early release of all 4 men is currently being considered [5] [1] Lost Lives, no. 3540 [2] Lost Lives, no. 3540 [3] IRA backs away from legal battle over McCabe killers, by John Mooney, Sunday Times, 27 August 2000 [4] Garda's killer to challenge sentence, by Mary Carolan, Irish Times, 29 March 2003 [5] 'A Liberal Dose of Stupidity' by Ruth Dudley Edwards, The Financial Times, 1 April 2005
09-Jun-96 Francis Shannon 23 M INLA INLA West Belfast Co Antrim Shot at close range in Turf Lodge by Gino Gallagher's INLA faction as part of the INLA internal feud. Mr Shannon's natural father was John Fennell, who was killed in March 1996.[1] When he was killed, Mr Shannon was wearing a wig in order to disguise himself and was wearing a bullet-proof vest[2]. INLA feud   [1] Man shot dead on Belfast street in INLA feud, by Suzanne Breen, Irish Times, 10 June 1996
[2] INLA murder victim was wearing a wig, The Herald (Glasgow), 11 June 1996
08-Jul-96 Michael McGoldrick 31 M Civilian LVF Lurgan Co Armagh Taxi driver shot in the run-up to the 1996 Drumcree crisis. Mr McGoldrick was taking a passenger to a predominantly Catholic village outside of Lurgan and was lured into a small back lane, where the driver of another car got into the taxi and shot Mr McGoldrick five times in the back of the head.[1]   Clifford McKeown, a LVF member who was an associate of Billy Wright, was charged with the murder on 6 November 2001. He was convicted and sentenced to 24 years in April 2003, but the sentence may be reduced under the terms of the Good Friday agreement. Mr McKeown planned to appeal the sentence. The conviction came primarily from evidence presented by journalist Nick Martin Clark, to whom McKeown admitted the killings, which he described as a 'birthday present' for Wright.[2] [1] Loyalist murderer jailed for 27 years, by Damlin Henderson, The Herald, 10 April 2003
[2] Loyalist murderer jailed for 27 years, by Damien Henderson, The Herald, 10 April 2003
12-Jul-96 Thomas Annett 34 M UDA Loyalists South Belfast Co Antrim Assaulted outside a bar on Ormeau Road. Police said the killing was not sectarian, but associates and family members believed that the killing was a result of loyalist paramilitary involvement.[1]   A 30-year-old man was charged with the murder on 20 November 1997[2]. In August 2001, this same man was charged with possessing documents useful to terrorists. These documents supposedly emanated from British army spy Brian Nelson.[3] [1] Lost Lives, no. 3543
[2] Man charged with Belfast murder, Irish Times, 20 November 1997
[3] Court releases three on bail, Irish News, 25 August 2001
13-Jul-96 Dermot 'Tonto' McShane 35 M Former INLA Army Derry Co Derry Killed in Derry during the Drumcree riots when an army vehicle drove into a piece of corrugated metal behind which Mr McShane was sheltering[1].   In 1998, the Director of Public Prosecution decided not to prosecute the driver of the vehicle[2]. In 2002, in McShane v. the United Kingdom, the European Court of Human Rights unanimously ruled that the UK had violated Mr McShane's right to life by failing to effectively investigate his death. Mr McShane's wife was awarded £8,000 in damages and £8,000 in costs.[3] [1] Lost Lives, no. 3544
[2] Lost Lives, no. 3544
[3] Court finds man's right to life violated, Irish Times, 29 May 2002
03-Sep-96 Hugh Torney 41 M INLA INLA Lurgan Co Armagh Shot by gunmen from Gino Gallagher's INLA faction outside a house in Lurgan, Co Armagh, as part of the internal INLA feud between his faction and Gino Gallagher's faction. Mr Torney had been ousted as INLA chief of staff by Gino Gallagher and became leader of the INLA GHQ faction. He reportedly ordered Gino Gallagher's assassination in January 1996.[1] INLA feud Three men were questioned about the murder, but released without charge[2]. Liam McAnoy, the man accompanying Mr Torney when Mr Torney died and who was wounded in the attack, went on trial in 1997 on an arms charges relating to the event in question[3]. In February 1998, Mr McAnoy was sentenced to six and a half years in prison[4]. [1] INLA feud takes another 'best friend', by Henry McDonald, Sunday Times, 8 September 1996
[2] RUC frees trio of suspects, Irish News, 11 December 1996
[3] Man shot in attack faces gun charges, by Brendan Anderson, Irish News, 10 December 1997
[4] Man jailed for possessing gun, Irish Times, 10 February 1998
16-Sep-96 John Paul 'Sean' Devlin 31 M Civilian IRA / DAAD South Belfast Co Antrim Shot three times in the head by two masked men in a house in Friendly Street, the day before he was to appear in court on drugs charges. The IRA had supposedly threatened him to leave Northern Ireland or be shot.[1] Drugs-related killing   [1] Drugs group admits murder in Belfast, by Gerry Moriarty, Irish Times, 17 September 1996
21-Sep-96 Kenneth Auld 47 M Civilian Republicans Glenarm Co Antrim Died four days after he was stabbed with screwdriver while trying to stop republicans removing an Ulster flag from a post outside the Masonic Hall[1].   A 26-year-old man who was charged with the killing claimed he was drunk at the time, then was himself struck on the head with a flagpole, and thus remembers nothing of the incident[2]. He was subsequently acquitted[3]. [1] Glenarm flag row stabbing horror, by John Breslin, Belfast Telegraph, 17 September 1996
[2] Flag row 'triggered fatal screwdriver attack', by Brenda O'Neill, Irish News, 5 December 1997
[3] Attacks continue in North Antrim, An Phoblacht/Republican News, 15 January 1998
22-Sep-96 George Scott 32 M UVF' Unknown Cookstown Co Tyrone Beaten to death in his flat in a 'failed' punishment beating for previous fights and threats[1].   Two of the accused, Robert Stewart (39) and George Watterson (31) pleaded guilty to manslaughter in 1998. The murder cases against three men, Gary McGuckin (31), Mark McGuckin (36), and Rodger Crooks (24) went to trial in January 1998[2]. Mark McGuckin was found guilty of murder, while Gary McGuckin and Rodger Crooks were found guilty of a lesser charge of manslaughter[3]. Mark McGuckin was released for festive parole in 1999 but then re-arrested after a day for assaulting police [4] [1] Man killed in 'failed' punishment beating, by Brendan Anderson, Irish News, 28 January 1998 [2] Man killed in 'failed' punishment beating, by Brendan Anderson, Irish News, 28 January 1998 [3] Murder and manslaughter verdicts for beating gang, by Martin Anderson, Irish News, 1 July 1998 [4] 'Cancelled parole left one costly inmate with Maze all to himself' by John Mullin, The Guardian, 04 January 2000
23-Sep-96 Diarmuid O'Neill 27 M IRA Metropolitan police Hammersmith, London England Unarmed IRA member shot six times during a botched arrest operation in a Hammersmith hotel in which the duplicate room key did not work, the battering ram broke a hole in the door without opening the door, and 10 rounds of CS gas were thrown into the room, impeding the vision of the arresting officers.[1]   In February 2000, a jury exonerated the police officers, ruling that Mr O'Neill was lawfully shot during this arrest operation even though the operation went 'badly wrong'[2]. The Crown Prosecution Service decided not to prosecute the officer who shot Mr O'Neill. Friends and family members are campaigning for a full inquiry into the death.[3] [1] Police killing of IRA man 'lawful'; Inquest verdict on unarmed terrorist suspect shot in hotel, by Nick Hopkins, Guardian, 19 February 2000
[2] Police killing of IRA man 'lawful'; Inquest verdict on unarmed terrorist suspect shot in hotel, by Nick Hopkins, Guardian, 19 February 2000
[3] No trial for officer who shot IRA man, by Duncan Campbell, Guardian, 27 April 1999
10-Oct-96 Darren Murray 12 M Civilian Unknown Portadown Co Armagh Died two days after being struck by van during a confrontation between nationalist and loyalist children shouting taunts at each other[1].     [1] Lost Lives, no. 3550
11-Oct-96 James Bradwell 43 M Army IRA Lisburn Co Antrim Warrant officer killed by car bombs at Thiepval barracks, the British Army headquarters in Lisburn, Co Antrim. Mr Bradwell died four days after attack, in which 31 other people were injured.[1]   One man was charged with conspiring to cause the explosion, but failed to return to court in 1997[1]. As of 2002, he was still a fugitive and appeared on the list of fugitives Sinn Féin submitted to the government for amnesty[2]. In 2002 he appeared on the list of fugitives Sinn Fein submitted to the government for amnesty [3] He was arrested in Tenerife in 2004, and extradited back to Northern Ireland. He was cleared of all charges by Belfast Crown Court [4] [1] IRA 'aimed to wipe out casualties', by Aeneas Bonner, Irish News, 25 November 1996 [2] IRA 'aimed to wipe out casualties', by Aeneas Bonner, Irish News, 25 November 1996 [3] IRA fugitives at heart of amnesty dispute, The Times, 13 March 2002 [4] 'Court frees army attack accused' BBC News Online, 25 Sept 2005
29-Oct-96 Thomas Stewart 32 M UVF UVF North Belfast Co Antrim Shot near his home in north Belfast less than a week after he was 'stood down' by the UVF as a party leader[1]. A year later, after Jackie Mahood was shot, the spokesperson for the Progressive Unionist Party linked the cases, suggesting that 'criminal elements' were responsible for both murders and denying a feud between the UVF and LVF[2]. Loyalist feud   [1] Belfast murder victim had been 'stood down' as UVF chief, by David Sharrock, Guardian, 30 October 1996
[2] UVF challenged to deny role in loyalist's shooting, by Gerry Moriarty, Irish Times, 30 November 1997
07-Dec-96 Peter (P.J.) Judge 41 M Civilian IRA Dublin Republic of Ireland Major drugs dealer in Dublin shot dead as sat in his car outside of a public house on Finglas Road. Mr Judge is believed to have been killed by the IRA because of his involvement in drugs.[1] Drugs-related killing   [1] No one has been charged in relation to 15 killings carried out by gangs involved in drugs or other crime since 1998, by Jim Cusack, Irish Times, 13 March 2000

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